Promoting inclusive and accessible societies


WHO identify four factors in a person’s environment that, through their absence or presence, limit functioning and therefore create disability. These include aspects such as:

  • a physical environment that is not accessible,

  • lack of relevant assistive technology (assistive, adaptive, and rehabilitative devices),

  • negative attitudes of people towards disability,

  • services, systems and policies that are either nonexistent or that hinder the involvement of all people with a health condition in all areas of life.

Often there are multiple barriers that can make it extremely difficult or even impossible for people with disabilities to function. Here are the seven most common barriers. Often, more than one barrier occurs at a time.

  • Attitudinal

  • Communication

  • Physical

  • Policy

  • Programmatic

  • Social

  • Transportation

Attitudinal barriers

Attitudinal barriers are the most basic and contribute to other barriers. For examp